HOW TO REMEMBER IRREGULAR SIMPLE PAST AND PAST PARTICIPLES IN ENGLISH

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Students are always daunted by the seemingly endless list of irregular verbs in the past in English. While there are many irregular verbs in the past, many can be placed into phonetic groups. This makes them easier to remember and can be particularly useful when students need to study a long list of verbs in the past form to pass an exam. I would recommend to students who are not studying for an exam, to start out by trying to memorise the past forms of only the verbs that they are already familiar with.

Base Form Simple Past Past Participle
swim swam swum
begin began begun
ring rang rung
sing sang sung
spring sprang sprung
stink stank stunk
drink drank drunk
shrink shrank shrunk
Base Form Simple Past Past Participle
stick stuck stuck
sting stung stung
strike struck struck
swing swung swung
hang hung hung
Base Form Simple Past Past Participle
blow blew blown
grow grew grown
know knew known
throw threw thrown
fly flew flown
Base Form Simple Past Past Participle
bring brought brought
buy bought bought
catch caught caught
fight fought fought
seek sought sought
think thought thought
teach taught taught
Base Form Simple Past Past Participle
build built built
lend lent lent
send sent sent
spend spent spent
bend bent bent
feel felt felt
keep kept kept
sleep slept slept
sweep swept swept
meet met met
deal dealt dealt
mean meant meant
shoot shot shot
feed fed fed
Base Form Simple Past Past Participle
pay paid paid
lay laid laid
say said said
sit sat sat
sell sold sold
tell told told
run ran ran
win won won
Base Form Simple Past Past Participle
set set set
shut shut shut
split split split
spread spread spread
hurt hurt hurt
burst burst burst
read read read
bet bet bet
cost cost cost
cut cut cut
fit fit fit
hit hit hit
let let let
put put put
Base Form Simple Past Past Participle
choose chose chosen
break broke broken
freeze froze frozen
steal stole stolen
speak spoke spoken
wake woke woken
write wrote written
drive drove driven
ride rode ridden
rise rose risen
Base Form Simple Past Past Participle
shine shone shone
swear swore sworn
tear tore torn
wear wore worn
draw drew drawn
show showed shown
sew sewed sown
Base Form Simple Past Past Participle
dig dug dug
find found found
stand stood stood
understand understood understood
make made made
lose lost lost
have had had
hear heard heard
hold held held
lead led led
leave left left
light lit lit
Base Form Simple Past Past Participle
bite bit bitten
hide hid hidden
forgive forgave forgiven
forbid forbade forbidden
give gave given
fall fell fallen
forget forgot forgotten
get got gotten
take took taken
Base Form Simple Past Past Participle
be was/were been
see saw seen
lie lay lain
eat ate eaten
beat beat beaten
become became become
come came come
do did done
go went gone

Here’s a list of the List of Irregular Verbs in English A1 – A2 level for students at A1/A2 Level in English.

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  1. […] Tip:  Do you need some help to remember the Irregular Simple Past in English?  Here’s a list ordered by sound to help […]