COUNTABLE & UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS

It is important to know the difference between a COUNTABLE and an UNCOUNTABLE noun in English.  Quantifiers such as many, few, can only be used with countable nouns while much / little can only be used with uncountable nouns. It is normally easy to tell the difference between an uncountable noun such as sand or rice and a countable noun …

DIFFERENCE BETWEEN FOR AND TO

WHAT’S THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN FOR AND TO? Use FOR after the following adjectives: famous grateful sorry / thankful happy / sad (for someone) prepared / ready responsible respected suitable eager late / early Use FOR after the following verbs: admire (someone) for something apologize for apply for ask someone for something blame someone for something care for someone / something …

LIST OF ENGLISH TENSES

ACTIVE TENSES SIMPLE CONTINUOUS PERFECT PERFECT CONTINUOUS PRESENT work / works am / is / are working have / has worked have / has been working NEGATIVE FORM do not work / does not work am / is / are not working have / has not worked have / has not been working QUESTION FORM Do you work / Does ...

ADVERBS

ADVERBS OF FREQUENCY These adverbs are used to say when something happens.  Adverbs improve your writing and your speaking as they give a little bit of extra information about what you want to say. The most common adverbs of frequency are: always usually / normally / generally / typically often / frequently / regularly sometimes occasionally / from time to …

PREPOSITIONS OF MOVEMENT

Prepositions of Movement Exercise: Every morning, I wake up and walk _________ (1) the stairs. I go __________ (2) the kitchen and have breakfast. At 8a.m. I go ________ (3) the house. The street is very busy so I have to be very careful when I go _________ (4) the road to the bus stop. As I walk _____________ (5) …

HOW MANY TENSES IN ENGLISH ?

As a learner of English, it is useful to think that there are three times in English; present, past and future.  These three times have 4 grammatical types: simple, continuous, perfect and perfect continuous. Thinking about time and tense in this way can make the tenses in English seem less confusing.  Once you understand the function of the Simple, Continuous, …

PREPOSITIONS OF PLACE

  What’s the difference between in front of and opposite? Distance. Opposite is further away (i.e. across the table) while in front of is very close. What’s the difference between under and underneath? No difference in meaning. We say under more often than underneath because it’s shorter! What’s the difference between next to and beside? No difference :). Next to …

CONNECTING WORDS

ADDING In addition (to this), also as well (as) in other words that is to say moreover furthermore   CONTRASTING however nevertheless, in contrast (to) instead (of) similarly conversely on the contrary otherwise neither…. nor either….or   CONSEQUENCES & CAUSES As a result consequently so due to (the fact that..) in order to since   EMPHASIZING in fact actually as …

INTERESTED OR INTERESTING?

What’s the difference between adjectives ending in ING and adjectives ending in ED? ADJECTIVES: ….ING OR …..ED? Use adjectives that end with /ed/ to describe how you feel. • I was bored during the class. • I was annoyed with the teacher. • I was tired after my lesson. Use adjectives that end with /ing/ to describe a situation or …

WHEN OR IF

WHEN OR IF? We use WHEN for something that is definite or sure to happen and IF for something that is not sure or certain. Compare the following: When I wake up in the morning, I have a coffee. When I wake up late, I must hurry.   If I don’t wake up on time tomorrow, please wake me up. …